The Ministry of Education, Government of India has released All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2020-2021 and as per 2011 population projections for 18-23 years age group, GER has increased to 27.3 from 25.6 in 2019-20.
According to the survey data, the total enrollment in higher education has increased to nearly 4.14 crore in 2020-21 from 3.85 crore in 2019-20. Since 2014-15, there has been an increase of around 72 Lakh in the enrolment (21%). Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan are the top 6 States in terms of number of student enrolled. For the first time, in AISHE 2020-21, HEIs have filled data using entirely online data collection platform through the Web Data Capture Format (DCF) developed by Department of Higher Education through the National Informatics Centre (NIC).
The percentage of female enrolment to total enrolment has increased from 45% in 2014-15 to around 49% in 2020-21. The Female enrolment has increased to 2.01 crore from 1.88 crore in 2019-20. The enrolment of SC students is 58.95 Lakh as compared to 56.57 Lakh in 2019-20 and 46.06 Lakh in 2014-15. The enrolment of ST students has increased to 24.1 Lakh in 2020-21 from 21.6 Lakh in 2019-20 and 16.41 Lakh in 2014-15. Enrolment of OBC students has also increased by 6 Lakh to 1.48 crore in 2020-21, from 1.42 crore in 2019-20. There is a notable increase in OBC student enrolment since 2014-15 of around 36 Lakh (32%). The enrolment in Distance Education is 45.71 Lakh (with 20.9 Lakh Female), an increase of around 7% since 2019-20 and 20% since 2014-15. Government Universities (59% of total) contribute towards 73.1% of the enrolment. Government Colleges (21.4% of total) contribute towards 34.5% of the enrolment. The enrolment in Institute of National Importance (INIs) has increased by nearly 61% during the period 2014-15 to 2020-21. Enrolment has increased in 2020-21 compared to 2014-15 in the Specialized Universities relating to Defence, Sanskrit, Biotechnology, Forensics, Design, Sports etc.
As per response in AISHE 2020-21, about 79.06% of the total students are enrolled in undergraduate level courses and 11.5% are enrolled in postgraduate level courses. Among Disciplines at undergraduate level, enrollment is highest in Arts (33.5%), followed by Science (15.5%), Commerce (13.9%) and Engineering & Technology (11.9%). Among streams at postgraduate level, maximum students are enrolled in Social Science (20.56%) followed by science (14.83%).
The total number of Universities / University like institutions registered is 1,113, Colleges 43,796 and Standalone Institutions 11,296. During 2020-21, the number of Universities has increased by 70, and the number of Colleges has increased by 1,453. Since 2014-15, there has been increase of 353 Universities (46.4%). The Institutes of National Importance (INIs) have almost doubled from 75 in 2014-15 to 149 in 2020-21.191 new Higher Education Institutions have been established in North Eastern States since 2014-15.
Highest number of Universities is in Rajasthan (92), Uttar Pradesh (84) and Gujarat (83). During 2014-15 to 2020-21, on average, 59 Universities have been added annually. This was about 50 during 2007-08 to 2014-15. 17 Universities (of which 14 are State Public) and 4,375 Colleges are exclusively for women.
The College Density, the number of colleges per lakh eligible population (population in the age-group 18-23 years) has been 31. This was 27 in 2014-15. States with Highest college density: Karnataka (62), Telangana (53), Kerala (50), Himachal Pradesh (50), Andhra Pradesh (49),Uttarakhand (40), Rajasthan (40), Tamilnadu (40). 43% universities and 61.4% colleges are located in Rural Areas.Top 8 Districts with Highest number of Colleges: Bangalore Urban (1058), Jaipur (671), Hyderabad (488), Pune (466), Prayagraj (374), Rangareddy (345), Bhopal (327) and Nagpur (318). Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat are top 8 States in terms of number of colleges.
The total number of faculty/teachers are 15,51,070 of which about 57.1% are male and 42.9% are female. The female per 100 male faculty has improved to 75 in 2020-21 from 74 in 2019-20 and 63 in 2014-15.
Availability of different infrastructural facilities in HEIs in 2020-21:
- Libraries (97%)
- Laboratories (88)
- Computer centres (91%, 86% in 2019-20)
- Skill Development Centre (61%, 58% in 2019-20)
- Connectivity to National Knowledge Network (56%, from 34% in 2019-20)